Glossary

Here are a glossary of terms used in the Cyber Optics Comics. Use them to complete the crossword on the Interactive Contests page, or just to learn some new high-tech terminology!

AOS: slang – acronym for “authorities over shoulder”

Asia Global Crossing: Pan-Asian carrier providing telecommunications services including digital networking worldwide. AKA – Asia Netcom – Asia Global Crossings, Undersea Fiber Optic Cable System.

Backdoor: a means of gaining access to a computer program or system that bypasses normal security and authentication procedures.

Bit-Busting on Bare Metal: very low level coding without the use of any operating system.

Cracker: CRiminal hACKER. Hacks to destroy, steal information and spread viruses and worms on your computer and mine. Shutting down entire systems worldwide, Crackers erode trust and cost personal users, small and large companies trillions annually.

Firewall: a program that serves to disguise an internal network’s addresses so that they cannot be directly accessed from the external internet.

F.L.A.G.: acronym used for “Fiber Linked Around The Globe”.

GPS: acronym for “Global Positioning System”. Global Positioning System developed for the US Defense Department that enables users to determine their geographical position.

Information Infrastructure: networks and electronic communities that embody the web.

Kilometers: 1,000 meters or 0.621 miles.

LAN: acronym for “Local Area Network”.

Mainframe: a fast powerful computer with a large storage capacity that has a number of terminals for individual users who are connected to it.

PEL/Pixel: short for PICture ELement. A single point in a graphics image. The smallest element (a picture element) that a device can display and out of which the displayed image is constructed.

Pluto’d: slang – to be demoted.

Ponte Listo: slang – straighten out or get your act together.

Port: 1. On the internet, a logical channel through which a certain type of application data is routed, to decode incoming data and route it to the correct destination. 2. An interface that governs and synchronizes the flow of data between the Central Processing Unit (CPU) and external devices.

Slirk: slang – acronymn for “Smart Little Information Rich Kid” who uses Dad’s money to keep him in the latest of tech toys!

Subaqueous: living, found or formed underwater.

Switching Station: performs the connecting and disconnecting of transmission lines

Switchyard: a device for directing and changing the course of electronic correspondence or commands.

Thread: a chain of destinations that you can follow or jump in between by command. Every internet exchange leaves an electronic trail or telltale threads.

TPC: acronym for “Trans-Pacific Cables”, Fiber Optic Cables crossing the Pacific Ocean.

Trojan Horses: a program that appears to perform a valid function but that contains hidden instructions in its code that cause damage (sometimes severe) to the systems on which it runs.

UMPC: Ultra Mobile Personal Computer.

Underwater Branching Multiplexer (MUX): a device that merges low speed transmissions into one higher-speed channel at one end of the link, another Mux reverses the process at the other end of the link.

URL: acronymn for “Uniform Resource Locator”.

White Hat behavior: a computer enthusiast who possesses the knowledge needed to gain unauthorized entry into computer systems or sabotage them, but chooses instead to help computer users and organizations identify and close security holes. White Hat Hackers are equivalent to the good guys in Westerns who wore white cowboy hats as opposed to bad guys who wore black hats and represented thieves and murderers.

1200 Baud – Soda Straw: slang for slow speed modem that takes forever to deliver data.